29 At that time many who were seeking righteousness and justice went down to the wilderness to live there, 30they, their sons, their wives, and their livestock, because troubles pressed heavily upon them. 31And it was reported to the kings officers, and to the troops in Jerusalem the city of David, that those who had rejected the kings command had gone down to the hiding-places in the wilderness. 32Many pursued them, and overtook them; they encamped opposite them and prepared for battle against them on the sabbath day. 33They said to them, Enough of this! Come out and do what the king commands, and you will live. 34But they said, We will not come out, nor will we do what the king commands and so profane the sabbath day. 35Then the enemy quickly attacked them. 36But they did not answer them or hurl a stone at them or block up their hiding-places, 37for they said, Let us all die in our innocence; heaven and earth testify for us that you are killing us unjustly. 38So they attacked them on the sabbath, and they died, with their wives and children and livestock, to the number of a thousand people.
39 When Mattathias and his friends learned of it, they mourned for them deeply. 40And all said to their neighbours: If we all do as our kindred have done and refuse to fight with the Gentiles for our lives and for our ordinances, they will quickly destroy us from the earth. 41So they made this decision that day: Let us fight against anyone who comes to attack us on the sabbath day; let us not all die as our kindred died in their hiding-places.
42 Then there united with them a company of Hasideans, mighty warriors of Israel, all who offered themselves willingly for the law. 43And all who became fugitives to escape their troubles joined them and reinforced them. 44They organized an army, and struck down sinners in their anger and renegades in their wrath; the survivors fled to the Gentiles for safety. 45And Mattathias and his friends went around and tore down the altars; 46they forcibly circumcised all the uncircumcised boys that they found within the borders of Israel. 47They hunted down the arrogant, and the work prospered in their hands. 48They rescued the law out of the hands of the Gentiles and kings, and they never let the sinner gain the upper hand.