1 Hear my teaching, O my people; ♦︎
incline your ears to the words of my mouth.
2 I will open my mouth in a parable; ♦︎
I will pour forth mysteries from of old,
3 Such as we have heard and known, ♦︎
which our forebears have told us.
4 We will not hide from their children,
but will recount to generations to come, ♦︎
the praises of the Lord and his power
and the wonderful works he has done.
5 He laid a solemn charge on Jacob
and made it a law in Israel, ♦︎
which he commanded them to teach their children,
6 That the generations to come might know,
and the children yet unborn, ♦︎
that they in turn might tell it to their children;
7 So that they might put their trust in God ♦︎
and not forget the deeds of God,
but keep his commandments,
8 And not be like their forebears,
a stubborn and rebellious generation, ♦︎
a generation whose heart was not steadfast,
and whose spirit was not faithful to God.
9 The people of Ephraim, armed with the bow, ♦︎
turned back in the day of battle;
10 They did not keep the covenant of God ♦︎
and refused to walk in his law;
11 They forgot what he had done ♦︎
and the wonders he had shown them.
12 For he did marvellous things in the sight of their forebears, ♦︎
in the land of Egypt, in the field of Zoan.
13 He divided the sea and let them pass through; ♦︎
he made the waters stand still in a heap.
14 He led them with a cloud by day ♦︎
and all the night through with a blaze of fire.
15 He split the hard rocks in the wilderness ♦︎
and gave them drink as from the great deep.
16 He brought streams out of the rock ♦︎
and made water gush out like rivers.
17 Yet for all this they sinned more against him ♦︎
and defied the Most High in the wilderness.
18 They tested God in their hearts ♦︎
and demanded food for their craving.
19 They spoke against God and said, ♦︎
Can God prepare a table in the wilderness?
20 He struck the rock indeed, so that the waters gushed out
and the streams overflowed, ♦︎
but can he give bread or provide meat for his people?
21 When the Lord heard this, he was full of wrath; ♦︎
a fire was kindled against Jacob
and his anger went out against Israel,
22 For they had no faith in God ♦︎
and put no trust in his saving help.
23 So he commanded the clouds above ♦︎
and opened the doors of heaven.
24 He rained down upon them manna to eat ♦︎
and gave them the grain of heaven.
25 So mortals ate the bread of angels; ♦︎
he sent them food in plenty.
26 He caused the east wind to blow in the heavens ♦︎
and led out the south wind by his might.
27 He rained flesh upon them as thick as dust ♦︎
and winged fowl like the sand of the sea.
28 He let it fall in the midst of their camp ♦︎
and round about their tents.
29 So they ate and were well filled, ♦︎
for he gave them what they desired.
30 But they did not stop their craving; ♦︎
their food was still in their mouths,
31 When the anger of God rose against them, ♦︎
and slew their strongest men
and felled the flower of Israel.
32 But for all this, they sinned yet more ♦︎
and put no faith in his wonderful works.
33 So he brought their days to an end like a breath ♦︎
and their years in sudden terror.
34 Whenever he slew them, they would seek him; ♦︎
they would repent and earnestly search for God.
35 They remembered that God was their rock ♦︎
and the Most High God their redeemer.
36 Yet they did but flatter him with their mouth ♦︎
and dissembled with their tongue.
37 Their heart was not steadfast towards him, ♦︎
neither were they faithful to his covenant.
38 But he was so merciful that he forgave their misdeeds
and did not destroy them; ♦︎
many a time he turned back his wrath
and did not suffer his whole displeasure to be roused.
39 For he remembered that they were but flesh, ♦︎
a wind that passes by and does not return.